Bunions are a common condition that affects millions of people from all ages, races and genders. They’re quite painful and uncomfortable and can be caused by a variety of factors. There are also several effective treatments for this painful condition, but let’s first look at how and why they form.
- Bunions are bony bumps that appear when the big toes suffer a transmutation as a result of pushing the toe adjacent to it. The toe then extends and the joint grows bigger.
- Bunions usually affect the inside base of the big toe but it can also affect the pinky toe at its outer side.
- Bunions usually affect women more than men as a result of pressure and stress on the foot from wearing tight shoes. They can also be caused by other health problems like arthritis.
- These bony structures can also be hereditary, caused by some structural defect in the foot. They’re normally not a serious medical problem.
- In some cases bunions can cause foot pain or difficulties walking, so a visit to the orthopedist is required.
- Health experts are divided on the type of shoes that cause bunions, between narrow, high-heeled or tight shoes. Some even argue that shoes aren’t related to this problem at all.
- Most experts agree that bunions are mostly caused by arthritis, more specifically the inflammatory types such as rheumatoid arthritis.
Bunions are usually not painful and don’t cause problems but they are a permanent disfigurement of the foot. Surgical removal is the only way you can get rid of them for good but only if they cause pain and more serious complications like:
- Hammertoe which is an anomalous bend that appears in the toe’s middle joint, commonly the toe adjacent to the big one
- Bursitis which is a painful anomaly that happens when your muscles, tendons and bursae get sore
- Metatarsalgia which causes an inflammation to the foot’s ball which leads to pain and discomfort.
As we already mentioned, surgery is the most effective way to permanently remove bunions. However, the pain they cause can be alleviated naturally with the help of some remedies and lifestyle changes.
Change your footwear to resolve bunions without surgery
- If you suffer from bunions you should start wearing more comfortable, roomy footwear, to allow your toes to have free room to wiggle and relieve the stress tight shoes usually cause. You can also try non-medicated bunion pads.
- You can buy padded shoe inserts and try these out. They should help you distribute the pressure evenly while walking which should alleviate the pain and prevent the bunions from growing bigger.
- There are also prescription orthopedic devices which help some people, if the pain is excruciating ask your doctor about these
There are certain pills and medications that can alleviate the pain and stress such as:
- Cortisone Injections
- Aleve (naproxen sodium)
- Motrin IB
This is the last resort and is not recommended unless the pain becomes so unbearable that it interferes with your walking and other activities. There different surgical methods depending on the type of bunion you’re suffering from. One technique involves removing the inflamed tissue around the joint of your big toe, another method includes realigning the big toe by taking out a piece of your bone. Then there’s a revamping technique of the long bone between the back of your foot and the big toe.
Finally you can go for realignment of the irregular angle of the joint or fuse the affected joint’s bones permanently. Whichever method you choose it will most definitely restore your movement and resolve your problem but it could take weeks before you fully recover, maybe even months. Every doctor will also advise that you start wearing comfy shoes unless you want those nasty bunions to appear again.
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