All the plants in our garden are exposed to numerous external threats such as diseases, pests and viruses which can destroy them. Even fungi can infect a plant and spread through it easily, then slowly eat it away and destroy your whole garden. Luckily, there are many simple tips which can help prevent these problems.
Have you heard of The Roya? This disease is caused by fungi such as Melampsora and Puccinia which attack the plant and harm it. The main symptom of the infections is the appearance of the so-called “rust” on the plants which can be noticed on any part. Roya affects all plants including shrubs, trees and vegetables, and manifests through small brownish or reddish patches on the plant. If left untreated, the Roya can make the leaves fall off and the plant to wither.
Why does the rust appear?
Roya usually occurs due to high humidity and heat and is more common in the warmer seasons. Bad pruning, broken branches or pests can all cause the development of the disease.
In order to prevent the disease from developing on your plants, you should avoid using clay substrates and improve the drainage of the soil. Combining sand and organic matter works best for indoor plants. Make sure the plant is fully drained of water in order to prevent patches which can cause decay. If you have more than one plant, give them enough space in between so they can breathe. Feed the plants regularly so they get the nutrients they need to grow.
In general, plants that dry out due to the fungal attack should be thrown out in a bag in order to prevent the spread of the fungal spores. When watering the plant, avoid wetting the leaves too much, and when you’re pruning, always seal the wounds and disinfect the tools.
To treat the fungal infections, you can spray neem oil on the plant. This is the best natural treatment for the Roya, as fungicide products often contain chemicals which can damage the plant.
Article and image source: https://naturalcarebox.com