Spices and herbs are not just for spicing up your food and making it taste better, they’re also abundant in a number of health benefits and will promote your overall health. In today’s article we’ll reveal 7 incredibly beneficial herbs which you can easily start growing in your garden or balcony. Start today and soon you’ll notice what an amazing effect they have on your entire body.
The top 7 best herbs to grow at home and their medicinal properties
Let’s first see the most important health benefits of these herbs:
Ginger – improves your cardiovascular health and digestion, prevents infectious diseases, the flu and has anti-inflammatory effects
Lemon balm – fights insomnia, prevents fevers and colds, has antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and anti-anxiety properties and
Parsley – improves digestion and prevents UTIs
Basil – has antibacterial properties, relieves cough and sore throat and is effective against stress
Chives – effectively reduces hypertension and high cholesterol
Mint – body detox, promotes weight loss, improves digestion, has anti-cancer and antibacterial properties and whitens teeth
Cilantro – body detox, improves cardiovascular health, rich in antioxidants, regulates your blood sugar and has antifungal and anti-bacterial properties.
The most important thing is to plant these herbs somewhere with plenty of sunlight as they all need sun to produce chlorophyll. The basil plant is the one that requires the most sun. Also, make sure your pots have a proper drainage system.
Ginger can easily be grown inside and it even suits it because it doesn’t tolerate direct sun, strong wind or frost. If you want to grow ginger indoors make sure the plant has filtered sunlight, sheltered spot, warm weather, rich and moist soil and plenty of humidity. The easiest planting method is to take a couple of rhizomes from someone who already has a ginger plant in early spring. Plant this rhizome in a mixed potting soil and compost a couple of inches deep. Mist it regularly and keep it away from drafts. It’s best that you wait at least 10 months before harvesting it.
Lemon balm doesn’t need much direct sun, a good 5 hours of it will suffice. However, the herb does require a steady water supply, 3 times per week and a good draining system. Make sure you don’t wet it too much as its roots may start to rot.
Comes harvest time and you should remove more than 25% of its leaves. If the leaves start turning brown it may indicate too much sun exposure, lack of water or drafty air.
Parsley abounds in vitamin C and A and iron. The herb can grow in plain, ordinary soil and needs about 7-8 hours of sun per day to thrive. Make sure you rotate the pot every couple of days so that the herb doesn’t start leaning to one side, towards the sun.
Parsley grows best in humus soil, mostly made up of leguminous decays. It doesn’t tolerate water but if you place it in a sunny spot this will be resolved easily.
Be vary about improper pot drainage and if you notice its leaves are getting dry there’s a neat trick you can do. Place the planter over pebbles to drain the water on them. They will create humidity as a result of the heat and water and your parsley plant will thrive. The kitchen is a suitably place for the parsley, as it will love all the humidity and the steam from cooking.
Basil is an easy plant for indoors as long as you have a place for it with plenty of sunshine. It loves its sun and its nutrient rich and well-drained soil. It doesn’t tolerate water which means the pots should have proper drainage.
To have a thriving basil plant indoors you should fertilize it, prune it, keep the insects away from it and water it fairly regularly. It’s going to be a slow process if you start your basil plant from a seed s it’s better if you take a starter plant.
If you satisfy its needs, the chives herb will grow prosperous throughout the whole year and will give you an endless supply of aromatic spice for your meals. Just as with basil, growing chives from seeds can be time-consuming and somewhat irritating, as the seeds seem to take forever to grow into a plant.
It needs water when the soil feels dry at the top. If you still want to start from zero plant your seeds in a 6 inch clay pot in potting soil which has been pre-moistened and has good drainage. Place it in a sunny spot and prepare to wait.
Moisten the seeds every once in a while with a mist until you see sprouts.
Mint is one of the easiest plants to grow at home. You can grow it in a pot or even in a water bottle, they’re quite low maintained.
Water your mint plant regularly and place it in indirect light. Just pinch off the stems to harvest its leaves and if you want a large harvest you should wait until the plant starts blooming because that’s when the flavor is most intense. You can then cut the entire plant above the second or first set of leaves. You can have three large mint harvests per season and the plant will only get bushier with each harvest (just cut off the yellowing leaves after each harvest to promote growth).
Cilantro needs more water than it needs the sun. It wants cooler weather conditions. You should water it when the top soil feels dry, which is not so often in the cooler months and more so in the summer. Proper drainage is a must as the plant needs to be thoroughly watered to grow properly.
The best soil for your cilantro herb is a free-draining potting soil as the plant has long taproots which don’t appreciate disturbances.
Article and image source: http://www.healthyfoodhouse.com